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Exerc Sci > Volume 13(4); 2004 > Article
Exercise Science 2004;13(4): 537-548.
핸드볼 손상의 역학적 조사 연구
The epidemiology in Handball Injuries
The Epidemiology in Handball Injuries. Exercise Science, 13(4): 537-548, 2004. The objective of this study was to examine injury patterns of elite handball athletes. A 50-month (Nov. 1996 to Dec. 2000) retrospective study was carried out through 1432 athletes(652 in male, 780 in female, cumulative numbers during 50 months) in ○○ training center. The factors introduced in this study were sex, type of injury, laterality, injured region, injured tissue, clinical impression, cause of injury, positiveness, onset, number of medical visit, treatment duration, etc. The χ2 test between sex and other factors was executed, and regression analysis seeking for factors related to onset, number of medical visit and treatment duration was carried out too. There were 548 injuries in total, 291(53.1%) in male and 257(46.9%) in female, and 0.47 injuries per athlete-month in total, 0.45 in male and 0.33 in female. The numbers of acute injury in male and female were more than those of overused injury. The regions injured frequently were knee, lumbar area, ankle, lower leg, shoulder, etc, and the tissues injured frequently were muscle, joint, ligament, mixed tissues, tendon, etc. The common impressions in male were ligament strain, arthrosis, muscle strain, muscle soreness, etc, and in female arthrosis, muscle spasm, ligament strain, etc. Abrupt load was the most common cause of injury in male, and heavy load and overused stress mostly in female. There were the low grades on the positiveness for the treatment in male and female.The onset was 7.39±12.62 days, and the visit number was 4.30±5.29 times and the treatment duration 13.27±24.14 days. The injury type and positiveness were important factors in the restoration of injury and the prevention of chronicity. Finally through the basis on this study, a follow up for injury surveillance system is needed.
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